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Business Resume and Curriculum Vitae

Depending on your geographic location, the terms "resume" and "CV" differ considerably. "Resumes" are predominantly utilized in the US and Canada where as the term "CV" is used more often in Ireland, England, Scotland, New Zealand, and French Canada. At the same time, nevertheless, both terms are generally interchangeable throughout India and Australia. Language-wise, curriculum vitae is Latin meaning "the course of one's life" while résumé is French for "summary". The plural of curriculum vitae is curricula vitae.


A resume is a brief document which highlights an individual's experience, qualifications, and skills with the desire to secure an interview for employment. A resume is a standard inclusion throughout jobs and internship applications, being requested for applicants into graduate and professional schools as well. Generally, resumes are only one page long, although professional educators are allowed two pages, containing basic information about the applicant, organized in such a way as to facilitate reading comprehension. Clear contact information tends to be highly visible at the top, followed by work experience, educational achievements, a list of skills, relevant certifications and awards. Organization requires arduous labor to hone a formiddable resume. The vast majority or job seekers settle for professional help when assembling a resume, regardless of preparation time available.

Resumes are all designed to sell the candidate towards a specific position or corporate employer, highlighting individual skills. Deft job seekers add deeper levels of personalization, designed to humanize them towards potential employers. Human resource managers may actively request additional personal information in an attempt to gain insight about the psychology of the applicant.

  • Chronological Resumes

    Chronological resumes display a candidate's job experiences in reverse chronological order, generally covering the last ten to fifteen years with the main body of the document stressing the applicant's professional experience. Reverse chronological resumes construct credibility through experience gained, while hopefully illustrating career growth. Employers typically prefer this type of resume due to the capability of seeing exactly which jobs you have held and when you have worked at them. Eager job seekers with a fervent, solid work history should take advantage of what chronological resumes have to offer.

  • Functional Resumes

    While chronological resumes briefly highlight competencies prior to presenting a comprehensive timeline of career growth with most recent experience listed first, functional resumes work well for those making a career change, having varied employment history or lacking work experience. Functional resumes list work experience and technical abilities sorted by skill area or job function, directly emphasizing specific professional capabilities while utilizing experience summaries as a primary means of communicating the professional competency needed for the position being sought. Applicants prefer functional resumes for job positions that definitely require specific skill sets or clearly defined personality traits.

  • Hybrid Resumes

    Why not enjoy the best of both worlds? The combination resume balances both functional and chronological approaches, typically leading with a functional list of job skills followed by a chronological list of employers. Hybrid resumes first list skills and experience followed by employment history, highlighting the skills you have that are relevant to the job you are applying for while also providing the chronlogical work history that employers prefer.

Curricula Vitae

Unlike the resume, the curriculum vitae (CV) is a greater account of what one has done with one's life, including education and former jobs in addition to details like specialized courses taken, grants received, publications, special licenses, affiliations, and other relevant details to a given position. A curriculum vitae is often required in place of a resume for positions in education, clinical research, work as a physician, or in certain science or publishing positions since in academia and research positions, the number of publications or conferences presented tend to establish major selling points: publication lists in a CV are essential. Moreover, education is not usually listed as merely a place and a degree, but generally includes short descriptions of courses considered particularly valuable in a given field. Compensated employment just as pro-bono work must be taken into careful consideration, characterizing the teacher as a diverse educator.

Although a resume contains a more free-form organizational style and is utilized for seeking employment in the private sector, curricula vitae generally have a more standardized look and format. Resumes tend to be more descriptive and tailored for a specific purpose or a target audience, whereas a curriculum vitae tends to be organized in such a way that presents data about one's self in a compact fashion, with a clear chronology while CVs imply no omissions, and in particular, no temporal gaps.